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abbots of cîteaux

These prepared the questions for the General Chapter, marked out the boundaries of the issues, defined issues, and proposed solutions for them. Guy d'Autun (1460-62), Hymbert Martin de Losne (1462-76), Jean IV de Cirey (1476-1501) were the courageous defenders of the order against the practice of Commendam. "Abbey of Cîteaux." 1990: Until the next general chapter, the abbot general, after having consulted the brothers of Citeaux, would designate three abbots from outside the filiation to act together as juridical recourse. He was regarded as the first of the abbots, "the abbot of the abbots". The office was … He caused afterwards a collection of sacred ceremonies and … 28 St. Thomas Aquinas, Priest and Doctor - Memorial †1941 Obl Matthew Brewer. The Catholic Encyclopedia. 1990: Until the next general chapter, the abbot general, after having consulted the brothers of Citeaux, would designate three abbots from outside the filiation to act together as juridical recourse. The name of Cîteaux, which this place formerly bore, soon supplanted that of Novum Monasterium, by which it is called in the "Exordium Cisterciensis Ordinis". Alberic of Cîteaux (died 26 January 1109), sometimes known as Aubrey of Cîteaux, was a French monk and abbot, one of the founders of the Cistercian Order. Abbots who lived near Cîteaux … The Abbé Joseph Rey, founder of the Brothers of St. Joseph, purchased it in 1846, established a colony for agricultural purposes there, and opened a school for the reception and education of young delinquents and abandoned children. Juridical recourse for the community of Citeaux is constituted by the abbots of the four most senior houses of the Order … Ecclesiastical approbation. The abbots of these houses were called the first four Fathers of the order, and the "Charter of Charity", work of St. Stephen, conferred upon them the right of visiting the Abbey of Cîteaux. Insisting on simplicity in all aspects of monastic life, he was largely responsible for the severity of Cistercian architecture and the simple … He is now honored as a saint. Claude Vaussin's election was rejected by the Reform movement; yet after his election had been investigated and repeated, Vaussin emerged on 10 May 1645 once again as the Abbot of Cîteaux and therefore Abbot General. The assemblies of abbots, sometimes made in the reigns of Charlemagne and Louis le Debonnaire, &c., were kinds of extraordinary synods, not regular chapters. [6], The monastery produced the illuminated manuscript now known as the Cîteaux Moralia in Job in the year 1111.[7]. By the beginning of the 13th century the order had more than 500 houses. ST. LUCY – Those whose hearts are pure … Catholic Digest Dec 13, 2020 0. It took almost four years before Vaussin received confirmation from the Holy See and the King of France, finally allowing him to take office in … Popes and kings bestowed many honours and privileges upon Cîteaux. Founded in 1098 by St. Robert, Abbot of Molesme, in a deserted and uninhabited part of the Diocese of Châlons-sur Saône, today the Diocese of Dijon (Côte-d'Or, France), from which city it is four leagues distant. Reading 1 IS 61:1-2A, 10-11 The spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me, because the LORD has anointed me; he has sent me to bring glad tidings to the … Knit together in the unity of the Holy Spirit, the blessed … This being the mother-abbey of the Cistercian Order, the abbot was recognized as head and superior general of the whole order. These definitors, numbering about 25, were the Abbot of Cîteaux and the first 4 Fathers: the abbots of La Ferté, Pontigny, Clairvaux and Morimont, plus 4 definitors elected in each line of filiation. About 1125, Saint Stephen established the nuns' monastery of "Tart", as Cîteaux's own daughter-house, entrusted to the pastoral care of the abbot of this monastery. The abbots of these houses were called the first four Fathers of the order, and the "Charter of Charity", work of St. Stephen, conferred upon them the right of visiting the Abbey of Cîteaux. Discretion should be preserved, and careful consideration should be employed, by the prelates of the Church in fostering virtues and rooting out vices, so that they are neither harmed either by a thicket of thorns growing … Eustace first mentioned in 1143 in a Totnes Deed. The abbey then slowly declined for the next century. of La Ferte, Pontigni, Clairvaux, and Morimond, to visit every year, in person, the abbey of Citeaux, (c. 8,) and to take care of its administration upon the death of an abbot, and assemble the abbots of the filiations of Citeaux, and some others, to choose a new … The Abbey was supported by Renaud, Vicomte de Beaune, and Odo I, Duke of Burgundy. APA citation. [year needed] The monks produce a cheese branded under the abbey's name, as well as caramels and honey-based candies. From them comes the name … Guy d'Autun (1460-62), Hymbert Martin de Losne (1462-76), Jean IV de Cirey (1476-1501) were the courageous defenders of the order against the practice of Commendam . Life of St. Stephen Harding: Abbot of Citeaux and Founder of the Cistercian Order Item Preview remove-circle Share or Embed This Item. [year needed] The monks produce a cheese branded under the abbey's name, … He was Abbot when Buckfast was affiliated to the Abbey of Citeaux (Cistercian). The Duke of Burgundy, Eudes I, touched by the holy life of the monks of Cîteaux, encouraged the work and took upon himself the obligation of defraying all the expenses. A list of the known abbots of Conwy (Aberconwy and Maenan) Unnamed abbot: in 1216 an unnamed abbot of Aberconwy was excused from attending the annual General Chapter at Cîteaux given his infirmity. The fleet of King Enzio attacked the Genoese ships on 3 May, and Stephen would have fallen into the hands of the enemy had he not been saved by the valour of his brother, John … Saint Bernard of Clairvaux, who would later be proclaimed Doctor of the Church, was a monk of Cîteaux Abbey and left it in 1115 to found Clairvaux Abbey, of which he was the first abbot. The election was formerly cumulative, that is, to the abbot general belonged, de jure, full administration in spiritual and temporal matters, without waiting for the confirmation of the Holy See. In December, 1841, it was sold to an Englishman, Arthur Young, a disciple of Fourier, for the purpose of establishing there a phalanstery, which, however, failed completely in 1846. This being the mother-abbey of the Cistercian Order, the abbot was recognized as head and superior general of the whole order. In this latter he published several statutes, called the Charte of Charity, confirmed the same year by Calixtus II. The domain in which Cîteaux was situated belonged to Raynald, Viscount of Beaune, who, with his wife Hodierna, gave it voluntarily to God and the Virgin Mary. EMBED (for wordpress.com hosted blogs and archive.org item tags) Want more? Popes and kings bestowed many honours and privileges upon Cîteaux. My email address is webmaster at newadvent.org. The chateau, member of the chain Grandes Etapes Françaises (Great French Stopovers), offers you various activities. Nihil Obstat. Popes and kings bestowed many honors and privileges upon Citeaux. Juridical recourse for the community of Citeaux is constituted by the abbots of the four most senior houses of the Order … Cîteaux Abbey (French: Abbaye de Cîteaux [abe.i də sito]) is a Catholic abbey located in Saint-Nicolas-lès-Cîteaux, south of Dijon, France. In 1791, during the French Revolution, the abbey was seized and sold by the government. The office was elective, the … Today, it belongs to the Trappists (also called the Cistercians of the Strict Observance). Media in category "Abbots of Cîteaux" The following 3 files are in this category, out of 3 total. Six abbots of Cîteaux were honoured with the Roman purple. The Exordium … 3. The abbey was badly hit by the French Wars of Religion. But its past glory and the regularity which still existed at the end of the eighteenth century could not save Cîteaux. In The Catholic Encyclopedia. Abbots from across the Order met annually at Cîteaux for General Chapter meetings to discuss important matters, introduce new rules and regulations, and handle disciplinary issues. The abbot of Cîteaux was also ipso facto prime counsellor (primus consiliarius natus) in the Parliament of Burgundy. … abbots Archabbot abbacy. As one of the richer abbeys, it … Anian: occurs as abbot in June 1258. November 1, 1908. The office … How, by the Spirit, the Blessed Father Stephen Was Aware of the Unworthiness of His Successor and about Stephen’s Precious Death 113 32. The Abbatial Election at Citeaux in 1625 - Volume 39 Issue 1 - Louis J. Lekai Abbots who lived near Cîteaux … Others signalized themselves by their zeal for the restoration of discipline and by their reformatory tendencies: Edme I de la Croix (1585-1604), Nicholas II Boucherat (1604-25), Claude Vaussin (1643-70), John XII Petit (1670-92), Nicholas Larcher (1692-1712). This is my homily from January 27, the feast of the Abbots of Citeaux. As C. H. Lawrence puts it, folks were “seeking an outlet in new forms of religious organization. Abbots of Conwy . Henri (1304-16) and Jean IV de Martigny (1405-28) were illustrious for their knowledge in the ecumenical councils. Alberic was a hermit in the forest of Collan in France who, along with five other hermits, invited Abbot Robert of Molesme to begin a new monastery with them that would operate under the Rule of St. Benedict. http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/03792a.htm. The abbots had seen in the Charter of Charity that as soon as Citeaux had made a few foundations, the abbots of the various monasteries had assumed a collective responsibility for the whole Order and had exercised it every year at the General Chapter. The Dukes of Burgundy subsequently used it as their dynastic place of burial. 86 Following the precedent of Cîteaux and Clairvaux, the chapter house was the normal location for the burial of Cistercian abbots, a location specified by a decree of the General Chapter in 1180; see Gajewski, ‘Burial, Cult and Construction’ (as n. 22), 72–73. Evidence showing that the chapter house was the usual location for Cistercian abbatial burials until the mid-13th century is outlined and … No_Favorite. To the abbots of Citeaux, Morimond, and La Crête, that they should examine those suspected of heresy, along with the bishop of Metz. Please help support the mission of New Advent and get the full contents of this website as an instant download. New York: Robert Appleton Company. In 1791, the abbey, which possessed 9800 acres of land, was sold for 862,000 pounds, and this money was used in turn for various purposes. Remy Lafort, S.T.D., Censor. During the Hundred Years' War, the monastery was pillaged in 1360 (when the monks sought refuge in Dijon), 1365, 1434 and 1438. The Cistercians officially the Order of Cistercians (Latin: (Sacer) Ordo Cisterciensis, abbreviated as OCist or SOCist), are a Catholic religious order of monks and nuns that branched off from the Benedictines and follow the Rule of Saint Benedict. Transcription. Exordia Sacri Ordinis Cisterciensis (Fr. Close to the Château of Clos de Vougeot, the Château de Gilly, an old residence of the abbots of Cîteaux, has never lost its authenticity with its buildings from the 14th and 17th c. and French gardens. Although it never achieved the size and standing of Rievaulx or Fountains, it was one of the larger Cistercian abbeys, even though it was near strong Benedictine abbeys at Worcester, Malvern, Evesham and Pershore. This article was transcribed for New Advent by Larry Trippett. Third Sunday of Advent. St. Stephen held the first general chapter of his Order in 1116; the second in 1119. 1993: The abbot general will act in everything as father immediate to the community of Citeaux. DAILY READINGS. St. Robert built the first monastery of the Cistercian Order, which he named Novum Monasterium (new monastery), to distinguish it from the monastery of Molesme from which he and his brethren had come. In 1898, the remains of the abbey were bought back and repopulated by Trappists. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}47°07′41″N 5°05′36″E / 47.12806°N 5.09333°E / 47.12806; 5.09333, 10.1093/gao/9781884446054.001.0001/oao-9781884446054-e-7000017866#oao-9781884446054-e-7000017866, "Violence and Daily Life: Reading, Art, and Polemics in the Cîteaux Moralia in Job", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cîteaux_Abbey&oldid=996525282, Religious buildings and structures completed in 1193, Christian monasteries established in the 11th century, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Articles to be expanded from September 2009, Featured articles needing translation from French Wikipedia, Building and structure articles needing translation from French Wikipedia, Articles needing the year an event occurred from November 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Jacques III Theuley de Pontailler-sur-Saône. The Decree of Pope Callistus 111 31. Today this confirmation is required before the abbot general can exercise his powers. Ieuan … [1] It is notable for being the original house of the Cistercian order. Regrettably, I can't reply to every letter, but I greatly appreciate your feedback — especially notifications about typographical errors and inappropriate ads. Contact information. Juridical recourse for the community of Citeaux is constituted by the abbots of the four most senior houses of the Order … On the Life and Excellent Conduct of the Most Reverend Fastrad, Abbot of Cîteaux 114 33. QUIET MOMENT. The editor of New Advent is Kevin Knight. Holy_Abbots_of_Citeaux. The second abbot was Saint Alberic, and the third abbot Saint Stephen Harding, who wrote the Carta Caritatis that described the organisation of the order. Abbey of Cîteaux. the abbots of citeaux: lovers of the swamp . Saint Bernard would also be influential in the subsequent rapid growth of the Cistercian order. He was succeeded (Oct., 1904) by Dom Augustin Marre, Abbot Igny, titular Bishop of Constance, and General of the Order of Reformed Cistercians, who, having his residence at Rome, appointed for the government of Cîteaux an auxiliary, Dom Robert Lescand, titular Abbot of Saint-Aubin and Prior of the house of Cîteaux. 1990: Until the next general chapter, the abbot general, after having consulted the brothers of Citeaux, would designate three abbots from outside the filiation to act together as juridical recourse. Previous. (eds. This being the mother-abbey of the Cistercian Order, the abbot was recognized as head and superior general of the whole order. Benedictine Abbots: Alwin (Aelwinus) first mentioned as having attended Shire-mote in Exeter in about 1040. Popes and kings bestowed many honours and privileges upon Cîteaux. Stephen orders other abbots to perform every year the visitation of all the houses subject to them, (c. Dom Trouvé died 27 April, 1797. 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